Labor History Project
Name of the collection: University of Michigan-Flint Labor History Project.
Inclusive years: 1974-1997 [bulk 1978-1985]
Quantity: 14 linear feet
ACQUISITION: This collection was transferred to the Genesee Historical Collections Center by donor no. 260.
ACCESS: There are no restrictions on access.
PHOTOGRAPHS: 96 prints and 51 transparencies were removed and cataloged separately.
PROCESSED BY: Paul Gifford, April 1998.
The General Motors Corporation Sit-Down Strike of 1936-1937 remains probably the most significant historical event which has taken place in Flint. Its success, in making the United Auto Workers the bargaining agent for the employees of General Motors Corporation, has been discussed in numerous studies of the labor wars of the 1930s and inspired several books on the strike itself. Sidney Fine's Sit-Down (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1969) resulted from a detailed analysis of archival sources and interviews, and Henry Kraus's The Many and the Few (1947) was an insider's account of one of the chief labor activists involved in the strike.
Nevertheless, a comprehensive oral history of the strike had not been accomplished by 1977, when Neil Leighton, Professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan-Flint, attended a summer seminar on the history of socialism at Duke University. Lawrence Goodwyn, Professor of History and Director of the Southern Oral History Project at Duke suggested to Leighton that an oral history of surviving Sit-Down Strike participants would make a valuable contribution to the field.
During the following academic year, Leighton and Kenneth B. West, Professor of History, who had developed a labor history course, cooperated to bring Goodwyn to the University of Michigan-Flint during the summer of 1978 to teach a course on oral history techniques, focusing on the rank-and-file sit-down veterans. Many interviews resulted from this class. Subsequently the project involved Nan Pendrell, an anthropologist and Burgess Fellow of Columbia University, and William Meyer, Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan-Flint.
The project, having received funding from various sources, began in a systematic way. Published and unpublished resources were identified and surveyed by Kenneth West, UAW locals were contacted, and publicity ensued. Potential interviewees, representing various groups, including pre-Sit-Down activists, Sit-Down strikers themselves, strike supporters, strike opponents, government workers, and others, were identified by a thorough examination of sources and local outreach.
Interviews were conducted by the three principal investigators, and these form most of the First Series of interviews. A Second Series consists of interviews made by students in "Exploring Community History" (History 392/Political Science 394), taught by Nan Pendrell. The purpose of the class was to teach interviewing and the process involved in oral history. Some of the interviews in this series were of Sit-Down Strike participants, but most involved people who had nothing to do with the strike.
The Project continued past the 50th anniversary of the strike in 1987, although most active interviewing had ceased by that date. A Labor Theatre Project (active 1986-1987), under the direction of members in the Theatre Department, used the interviews as sources for its script.
Scope and Content
The Labor History Project collection consists primarily of tapes and transcripts of interviews with people who experienced the Sit-Down Strike. In addition, there are tapes and some transcripts of people on many different topics, primarily on their work, which were made by students in the "Exploring Community History" class in the early 1980s. The collection also documents the process by which interviewees were selected. It contains photocopies of articles and archival materials concerning not only the Sit-Down Strike and General Motors, but other labor issues and topics relating to Flint during the 1930s.
The Subject Files consist of folders on individual persons, and the information in each folder generally consists of the person's name, source of information, and activity during the strike.
The First Series of interviews consists of transcripts (with a corresponding series of cassette tapes) of people involved in one way or other with the Sit-Down Strike. These include some of the leaders, such as Robert Travis, Bud Simons, Genora Johnson, Henry Kraus, which tend to be extensive. Most of the other interviews are of rank-and-file workers who participated in the strike. Other interviews were conducted with individuals such as plant supervisors and foremen like Ed Balius and Ingvald Bjaland, Communist activists like William Weinstone and Stanley Nowak, policemen like Wilburn Legree and Victor Basinski, and realtor Gerald Healy, who had been a member of the anti-strike Flint Alliance. There are also some interviews with individuals who sat in at Standard Cotton Products, an automotive supplier in Flint, soon after the big strike.
The typical questions ask about the 1930 and 1934 Fisher Body strikes, conditions in the plants before the strike, knowledge of union organizing activity, participation in the sit-down strike itself, knowledge of Communist or radical participation, the AFL/CIO split in the UAW ranks, the committeeman system, and UAW politics until World War II. Interviewees usually discuss their personal origins and how they were first hired by General Motors Corporation. Some interviews touch on local attitudes to unionism and the strike, such as in schools and in churches, relations among workers, ethnic topics, migration of workers from Missouri and elsewhere, and more.
The Second Series consists of interviews made by students for the class "Exploring Community History." Interviewees range from the age of about twenty to very elderly individuals. Some of the topics are historical in nature, but many or most deal with current attitudes toward work. For specific topics, see the list of tapes.
Subject access to the interviews might be aided with the partial indexing found in the folder "Indexing," in Box 5.
For examples of the taped interviews used at a website intended for secondary school use, see The Flint Sit-Down Strike Audio Gallery (at HistoricalVoices.org)
Project statement, proposal, plan of work
Kraus, Henry, 1978-1982
Book prospectus, 1980
Conference paper - "The Use of Oral History in the Study of an
Urban Labor Insurgency," by Neil Leighton and William J. Meyer, 1982
Responses to Flint Journal article, 1980
Labor history tour
Decision of Judge Paul V. Gadola
Genesee County Circuit Court - Injunctions, 1937
Bentley Historical Library - Michael Gorman Papers
Lilly Library - Powers Hapgood Papers
RG 46, SEN 78A-F9, Boxes 121-126
RG 215, Office of Community War Services
RG 280, Records of the Federal Mediation and
Labor dispute case files concerning Flint,
Letters concerning Sit-Down Strike
Unspecified record groups
Reuther Library, Wayne State University
Box 16 and unidentified
UAW General Executive Board minutes
Caroline Stearns letters, 1937-1938
(1 of 2)
(2 of 2)
Franklin D. Roosevelt Library - Harry L. Hopkins
Papers - FERA Papers, Box 58
Francis O'Rourke diary, 1936-1937
Senate Education and Labor Subcommittee hearings on labor
espionage at GM, 1937
Articles and book excerpts
I.M.A. News articles, 1937
Community studies of Flint and Genesee County, 1930s
Flint Board of Education minutes, 1936-1937
Notes on Norman Bully's career
Chronologies, lists of strikes
News clippings, 1934-1937
Standard Cotton Products
Thrasher, John - correspondence, 1981-1982
News clippings, 1978-1982
Anderson, John - untitled, on UAW history
Davis, Donald F. "Urban Entrepreneurs and the Metropolitan
Edsforth, Ronald. "Divergent Traditions: Union Organization in
the Automobile Industries of Flint, Michigan and Coventry,
Rice, Jack B. "Unionism and the Sit-Down Strike in Flint against General Motors Corporation, Dec. 30, 1936 to
Feb. 11, 1937"
Tobin, Eugene M. "Academics and Insurgents: Brookwood Labor
West, Kenneth B. "How General Motors Organized the United
Automobile Workers Union"
Local 659, Larry Jones, 1959-1961
Howard Foster BBC interview, 1975
40th anniversary of Sit-Down Strike, 1977
50th anniversary of Sit-Down Strike, 1987
Floppy disks of transcriptions
First Series (Sit-Down Strike)
Ahearn, Fred (striker at Fisher 2), 1978
Aldred, Ruth (Mrs. Jerry) (wife of strike leader at Fisher 1), 1980
Balius, Ed (supervisor at Fisher 1), 1988
Banta, Hadley (policeman), 1978
Basinski, Victor (policeman), 1978
Batz, Sidney (striker at Fisher 1), 1978
Bemis, Ray (worker at Chevrolet 6), no date
Bennett, Ira (striker at Fisher 2), no date
Bergslie, Peter (striker at Fisher 1), 1979
Besson Hendricks Martin, Nellie (Women’s Emergency Brigade member), 1978
Bjaland, Ingvald, and O'Hara, James (supervisors at Fisher 1), 1980
Blake, Orvel (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Boone, Ora (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1978
Borski, Ben (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Breedlove, Robert (striker at Fisher 2), 1978
Bully, Norman (Buick worker, UAW activist), 1980
Burke, Michael and Cecile (publisher of Flint AFL newspaper), 1979
Burr, Hubert ("Spyke") (worker at Chevrolet 8), 1978
Care, Vincent (Buick worker, Flint Alliance member), no date
Carver, Ellis (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Center, Marjorie Mikesell, 1988
Chargo, Joe (worker at AC), 1986
Chew, Milo (striker at Fisher 1), 1978
Clark, Henry (black Buick foundry worker), 1979
Coale, Elden (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Cole, John (worker at Chevrolet 6), no date
Coleman, Ella (women’s auxiliary member), 1978
Combs, Prince (black union organizer), 1979
Connelly, Leo (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1980
Connolly, William T. (striker at Fisher 2), 1980, 1990
Crane, Cloyse (inspector at Fisher 2), 1980
Crawford, Louise (worker at UAW office), 1980
Cregar, Merrill (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Crompton, Earl (black worker at Chevrolet 4), 1978
Date, Clifford (apprentice at Chevrolet), no date
Devitt, Joe (striker at Fisher 1), 1978
Doerfner, William H. (General Manager, Saginaw Steering Gear), 1978
Dollinger, Genora Johnson (Socialist, wife of strike organizer and strategist, organizer of Women’s Emergency Brigade), 1978
Dotson, J. D. (black Communist union organizer, in flying squadron), 1981
Doyle, Robert, 1978
Duncan, Basil (police stenographer), 1979
Echard, Peggy and Melvin (AC worker, railroad employee), 1980
Ehrlich, Ed (striker at Fisher 2), 1978
Evanoff, Lenka and Kosta (Macedonian leftist bakers, member of Women’s Emergency Brigade), 1979
Evanoff, Michael (lawyer), 1978
Evanoff, Michael, 1984
Evans, Robert (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1980
Featherstone, Mamie (mother of striker), 1980
Fineberg, Esther (teacher), 1978
Fish, Hy (Socialist Party organizer), 1975
Fleischman, Harry (Socialist Party organizer), 1979
Foster, Shirley (teacher, wife of organizer in Chevrolet 4), 1979
Fry, Joe (striker at Fisher 1), 1979
Funk, Frank (worker at Buick), 1979
Gadola, Ann (wife of judge), 1978
Gage, Russell (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1978
Gancscos, Louis, Sr. (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Genske, William (striker at Fisher 1), 1978; 198-
Gibbs, Robert (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Gillan, Otis K. (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1978
Handa, Mary (Women’s Emergency Brigade member), 1978
Harbin, Dorothy (worker at AC), 1980
Harris, Hugh Albert ("Bert") (union organizer, Fisher 1 strike committee, UAW activist), 1979
Hauer, Helen (worker at AC), 1978
Havrilla, Andrew (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1980
Hayward, Laura (worker at AC, union organizer), 1980
Healy, Gerald F. (realtor, member of Flint Alliance), 1979
Hendricks, Cecil (striker at Fisher 1), 1978, 1980
Holland, Ray (worker at Chevrolet 2, member of strikers’ security force), 1978
Howell, Ira and Lena (worker at Fisher 1), 1978
Hubbard, Earl (striker at Standard Cotton Products), 1980
Humphrey, James E. (striker at Standard Cotton Products), 1980
Japinga, Martin (National Guard officer), 1980
Jason, Charles E. (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1978
Jones, Archie (union organizer at AC), 1979
Jones, Lawrence (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1978
Jordan, Francis (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1980
Killinger, Charlie (Communist union organizer and Buick foundry worker), 1979
King, Irving (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
King, Vincent (striker at Fisher 1), 1978, 1980
Klasey, Tom and Bob (union organizer, strike leader at Chevrolet 9, and his son), 1979
Knotts, Roy (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Komar, Steve (striker at Fisher 1), no date
Kraus, Henry and Dorothy (publisher of Flint Auto Worker), 1982
(1 of 2)
(2 of 2)
LaRose, Adlore (National Guard member and inspector at Chevrolet 4), 1978
Larson, Elsie (Mrs. Hans) (wife of striker at Fisher 2), 1980
Lefler, Adolphus ("Bud") (striker at Chevrolet 8), 1980
Legree, Wilburn (policeman), 1985
Lien, Henry (leftist striker at Chevrolet 4), 1979
Lischer, Clarence (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
MacAlpine, Elmer "Red" (striker at Fisher 2), 1980
MacGregor, Ben (striker at Chevrolet 10), 1980
Malone, Ken (Communist striker at Fisher 1), 1978, 1986
Malott, Bruce (striker at Fisher 1, UAW activist), 1979
Mamero, Robert (striker at Fisher 2, received gunshot), 1980
Markanovich, Victor (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
McCall, Anna (high school student, wife of GM press liaison), 1978
McCann, John (striker at Fisher 1, sound car captain), 1978
McNee, Sheldon (striker at Fisher 1), 1978
Miles, Harry (owner of machine tool business), 1978
Moon, Truly (Mrs. Rollin) (wife of 1930 striker and union organizer), 1979
Moran, Jim (striker at Fisher 1), 1978
Morley, Gus (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1979
Motter, Francis William (striker at Fisher 2), 1980
Mundale, Maynard ("Red") (strike leader at Fisher 2), 1980
Nelson, Gorden (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1980
Nightingale, Mary (cook for Fisher 1 strikers), 1978
Nowak, Stanley and Margaret (Polish-American Communist labor organizer, lectured in Flint), 1979
Olay, Andrew J. (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
O'Rourke, Harold Patrick (Catholic unionist and striker at Chevrolet 4), 1978
Palmer, Francis ("Jack") (union activist and worker at Chevrolet 3), 1978
Parish, Delia (women’s auxiliary member and wife of striker), 1978
Parker, Ralph (striker at Fisher 1), 1980 (2 interviews)
Parks, Ralph (striker at Fisher 1), 1978
Patterson, Beatrice (wife of striker at Fisher 1, served strikers at her dairy bar), 1980
Pelton, Frances E. (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1978
Pichotte, Elizabeth (worker at AC, wife of striker at Fisher 2), 1980
Reider, Alexander (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1980
Rich, Roscoe (striker at Fisher 2), 1978
Ricks, Grant O. (striker at Chevrolet 8), 1980
Robinson, Emerson (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Robinson, Leo (striker at Fisher 2), 1980
Rose, Gilbert and Floyd (organizer, striker at Chevrolet, UAW official), 1979
Schiller, Joseph (Jewish clothing store owner), 1978
Scobey, Maurice (striker at Standard Cotton Products), 1980
Severance, Robert (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Severin, John (striker at Fisher 1), 1978
Shinn, Chuck (worker at Buick after strike, Communist), 1981
Simmons, Orvel ((striker at Chevrolet), 1980
Simons, Bud and Hazel (union organizer, Communist, strike leader at Fisher 1), 1978
Skunda, Andrew (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Skunda, Joseph (brother of strikers, high school student), 1980
Smith, Arthur (striker at Fisher 1, Communist), 1980
Snyder, Marian O’Rourke (Mrs. Robert) (wife of striker at Fisher 2, sister of strike leader), 1978
Speckman, William (worker at Buick), 1980
Spohn, James (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Stier, John (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Tadrick, Lawrence (striker at Fisher 1), 1980
Taylor, Albert (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1980
Torok, Frank (striker at Fisher 1), 1981
Townsend, Roger (black Buick worker), 1979
Transue, Andrew J. (U.S. Congressman, Democrat), 1978
Travis, Bob (chief UAW organizer in Flint and strike strategist); also Charlie Kramer (Communist organizer) and Rudi Miller (leader of 1936-37 strike at Fisher Body, Coit Road, Cleveland, Ohio) , 1978
(1 of 2)
(2 of 2)
VanEtten, Victor (striker at Fisher 1), 1979
Vowel, Charles (striker at Chevrolet), 1981
Weinstone, William (Communist Party intellectual, observer of strike), 1979
White, Charles (striker at Fisher 1), 1978
Zink, Raymond A. (striker at Chevrolet 4), 1980
Second series (Interviews by students for classes)
Ananich, James D. (Ombudsman, City of Flint), 1983
Arredondo, Arthur (migrant farm laborer, 1958-1966), 1986
Baker, Oscar W. (black lawyer of Bay City), 1982
Bannister, Annalea Raymond (black Flint native, born in 1924), 1983
Beach, Edith (reminiscences of Sit-Down Strike as a 13-yearo-old in Davison), 1980
Beauchesne, Arthur (Flint resident, Chevrolet and AC employee), 1984
Beecher High School alumni and students
Bennett, Mike (president of UAW Local 326), 1982
Blair, Hattie Stewart (black nurse, born in 1923)
Bloodworth, Ralph (retired Fisher Body, Grand Blanc, employee)
Bob (23-year-old factory worker), 1982
Bommarito, Irene (social worker working with alcoholism), 1982
Brackett, Shaker (Lebanese-American Flint native), 1982
Brandon, Bill (striker at Fisher 1, 1936-1937), 1984
Brown, Mike (Director of Community Development, City of Flint), 1992
Bruce, Robert L. (current UAW issues), 1982
Brunell, Louis (worker at Fisher 2, 1933-1967), 1982
Buck, Robert (Grand Trunk Railroad employee since 1952), 1982
Buckner, Boyce (black resident of Flint since 1934), 1980
Burks, Reuben (Chairman, UAW Region 1-C), 1981
Busch, Margaret (AC employee from 1942), 1982
Carter, Robert M. (child during Sit-Down Strike), 1983
Cleaves, Fran (Public Relations Co-Chairperson, Committee to Promote Full UAW Employment), 1983
Clifford, Mr. and Mrs. William; Boa, Mrs. Harold (early residents of Civic Park area)
Connolly, William T. (Sit-Down striker); Sly, Arthur C. (worker at Chevrolet 5 during Sit-Down Strike); Payne, Wilbert J., AC worker, 1941-1974); Connolly, John (toolmaker at Chevrolet, brother of William), 1990
Cook, Thomas S. (GM worker since 1977), 1982
Crear, George, III (black Flint schoolteacher), 1984
Csapo, Eula (Hungarian-American resident of Flint), 1982
Curry, J. C. (black Baptist pastor), 1980
Dean, Max (lawyer), 1982
Deane, Richard G. (reminiscences of Sit-Down Strike as teenager), 1984
Devitt, Joe (Sit-Down striker), 1982
Donnelly, Genevieve S. (Fisher 1 employee, 1930s-1940s), 1992
Dover, James T., Jr. (black native of South Bend, Indiana, born 1927, came to Flint in 1947)
Drlik, John (Chevrolet employee from 1926), 1984
Dunn, David (current tinsmith apprentice at GM)
Edwards, John (black resident of Flint since 1918), 1980
Evanoff, Michael (lawyer), 1984
Foster, Shirley (teacher, union activist since 1930s), 1985
Fotenakes, Eleanor (GM employee from 1942)
Freese, Dale (Flint native, born in 1927), 1982
Frye, Christopher (director at WJRT-Channel 12), 1992
Genske, William (Sit-Down striker), no date
Gillespie, Fred L. (black Mississippi native, resident of Flint since 1925), 1982
Green, Charles (striker at Fisher 1), 1982
Green, Elmer K. (product engineer at Buick, 1942-1976)
Hansmeyer, Marie (worker at AC, 1943-1973), 1985
Hargrove, Joy (Saginaw civic activist), 1983
Haveman, Elvira (worker at Ternstedt), 1985
Holmquist, Tom (wokert at Chevrolet from 1968), 1982
Holt, Edgar (NAACP and civil rights activist), 1982
Holt, Lois (black teacher in Flint), 1984, 1985
Hughes, Michael (deputy principal, Mott Adult High School, from 1970), 1984
Husted, Vera Cook (Holly resident since 1896), 1984
Jacobs, Jonathan (pastor, Salem Lutheran Church), 1984
Jacobs, Suzanne E. (Citizens Bank employee and union organizer), 1984
Jennings, Barbara (librarian at Baker Junior College), 1982
Johnson, Ralph (autoworker from 1942), 1984
Johnson, Vora (Flint U-Haul Company and Flint out-migration), 1981
Jones, H. E. (worker at Chevrolet 10 during Sit-Down Strike), 1984
Kay, Frederick N. (29-year-old AC employee), 1984
Keith, Bob (Sit-Down striker at Fisher 1)
Kosal, Dorothy (Flint resident, born in 1929), 1984
Krill, Roscoe (Buick worker, 1936-1963)
Kronick, Maxine (Flint Jewish life), 1984
Leyton, David S. (Flint lawyer since 1975), 1984
Lindstrom, John (Swedish immigrant in 1923), 1983
Long, Floyd (1969 teachers’ strike in Fenton), 1982
Lorenz, Henry, 1982 (Sit-Down striker in Fisher 1)
Loving, Alvin (first black UM-Flint professor), 1982
Malone, Kenneth (Sit-Down striker), 1983, 1984, 1992
Matthews, Gerald (member, Genesee County Planning Commission), 1984
McCarty, John T. (Sit-Down striker at Chevrolet), 1984
McMullen, Kenneth and Hazel (Flint residents born in 1913 and 1916), 1984
Meeks, Ralph (high school teacher from 1922)
Meyer, Legor (Flint autoworker, 1937-1968), 1982
Mollay, Mary Ellen (about Fr. Norman DuKette), 1992
Moore, Mabel (schoolteacher, 1928-1971), 1986
Moran, John Henry (AC worker from 1929), 1984
Neito, Valerio, Jr. (childhood of Mexican-American of Saginaw and Texas), 1983
Nelson, Phyllis (Chevrolet employee from 1942), 1985
Nettles, Bernice (black Flint resident since 1955), 1984
Neuhard, Tom (Flint teacher and union activist), 1983
Neville, Ernest J. (worker at Chevrolet, 1931-1965), 1983
Parker, George D. (broadcast engineer at WHMF), 1980
Parmelee, Freda (Flint high school teacher from 1930), 1980
Peake, Julie (sexual discrimination at K-Mart), 1983#
Perkins, Frank (Sit-Down striker)
Perry, Evalyne (AC worker from 1930), 1982
Petrushka, Ed (assistant principal, Fenton High School, concerning Fention Education Association), 1982
Powell, Donna (assistant manager, Sears Surplus), 1984
Princinsky, Olimpia (Italian-born Flint resident since 1915 and autoworker)
Read, Charles (Sit-Down striker at Chevrolet 4), 1984
Resteiner, Harold (Genesee County Probate Court judge), 1983
Robb, Rev. Alfred L. C. (black Baptist pastor), 1981
Robbins, Wanda (Ternstedt employee, 1953-1979), 1985
Roth, Bob (Quality of Work Life Coordinator, UAW, Local 599), 1982
Roy, Charles (GM employee from 1959), 1982
Russell, Gladys M. (wife of English immigrant autoworker and union activist in 1930s)
Sedlak, Walter (AC employee from 1933), 1981
Shook, Bert D. (Chevrolet employee from 1946), 1982
Shook, Douglas E. (railroad work in Durand), 1983
Smith, Elder Calvin (black AC employee, 1930s), 1982
Steele, Dr. Marilyn (program officer, Mott Foundation), 1983
Stroup, Dr. Clayton (Chevrolet plant physician, 1930s), 1984
Talbot, Joseph N. (Buick and Chevrolet employee from 1916), 1984
Townsend, Roger (black Buick worker 1934-1969, union activist and politician), 1980
Truckin, John (skilled trades committeeman, UAW Local 599), 1983
Van Zandt, Ruth, 1983, 1985 (black teacher)
Varner, Sybil (AC employee from 1944)
Vincent, Harry and Lillian (residents of Lapeer County since 1910s), 1984
Washington, Barbara (GM employee since 1973), 1992
Wiggins, Otis (unemployed 26-year-old black Flint resident), 1984
Wilson, Jim (Chevrolet employee from 1964), 1986
Wright, Mrs. Frances (Saginaw resident from 1908), 1992
Yaklin, Neil (Sit-Down striker at Chevrolet), 1982
Yettaw, Dave (committeeman, Buick Final Assembly, and union activist), 1983
Zimmer, James (Flint lawyer)
Release forms from interviewees
Lists of potential interviewees
Notes on transcripts and tapes
Clippings and other information concerning interviewees,
Card file of potential interviewees
Aldred, Mrs. Jerry (Ruth)
Besson, Nellie & L. C.
Burr, Hubert "Spyke"
Care, Vincent J.
Connelly, William T.
Doerfner, W. H.
Dollinger, Genora (Johnson)
Dotson, J. D.
Evanoff, Kosta and Lenka
Evanoff, Michael and Genevieve
Foster, Howard and Shirley
Gancsos, Louis, Sr.
Harris, Hugh A. "Bert"
Jason, Charles E.
Jones, Archie and Leona
Jones, Milton and Thelma
Komar, Steve, Sr.
Larson, Hans, Mrs.
Lefler, Adolphus "Bud"
Loisell, Paul G.
McAlpine, Elmer "Red"
McDonald, Colin J.
MacGregor, Ben H.
Miles, Harry, Sr.
Moon, Rollin S., Mrs.
Motter, Francis William
Mundale, Maynard "Red"
Novak, Stanley and Margaret
Olay, Andrew J.
O'Rourke, Harold "Pat"
Palmer, Francis R. "Jack"
Ricks, Grant O.
Rose, Floyd and Evelyn
Rose, Gilbert and Mary
Schmitz, Peter J.
Simons, B. A. "Bud"
Skunda, Joseph N.
Snyder, Robert, Mrs.
Transue, Andrew J.
Travis, Bob and Helen
Van Etten, Vick
Zink, Raymond A.
Subjects not interviewed
Bair, Walter C.
Barnes, Arthur T.
Beach, Alfred H.
Beagle, Charles E.
Bennet, Wilbur "Gabby"
Bigelow, Harold S.
Blasdell, Merlin A.
Bolerjack, Robert K.
Brader, Levada (Cobbs)
Brady, William W.
Breese, Victor C.
Brooks, Charles V.
Brown, Archie M. G.
Burnside, F. A.
Campbell, Albert W.
Campbell, Richard P.
Carter, Ross W.
Chism, Bobbie (Lacey)
Clifford, Conn L.
Cole, Elmer "Cap"
Coleman, Lee Roy
Coleman, Paul, Rev.
DeMinor, Lewis T.
Dockery, Gerry and Theo
Donnely, E. C.
Duncan, Donald G.
Dunlop, C. C.
Edwards, Herbert, Mrs.
Eisenbeis, J. F.
Emery, Shirley "Red"
Fickes, James D.
Fisher, R. G.
Forbes, Lawrence and Helen
Fox, Mae (Mrs. Frank)
Gelles, Albert and Catherine "Babe"
Gibbs, Irene, Mrs.
Gillies, Howard and Elizabeth
Goff, Clarence and Edna
Gray, Harold A.
Green, Eli and Charlie
Green, Jay, Mrs.
Gulash, Hannah H.
Hanna, William C.
Hanner, Leslie A.
Heck, William and Thelma
Helmbray, Mr. and Mrs.
Hendrix (Hendricks), Thomas
Henry, Henry, Jr.
Hershberg, Sue, Rita, Sheri
Hill, Valerie (Jones)
Hintz, Stanley and Lou
Hodges, Roscoe "Stub"
Hoose, Homer and Beulah
Hornung, Ed and Dot
Huggard, Emerson P.
Johnson, Lucille and Frank
Kennedy, T. O.
Kenney, Caspar "Cap"
Kish, William J
Kontyko, Bill and Connie
LaDuke, Ted and Hester
Lambert, David J.
Lewis, A. Dale
Linn, Earl V. and Celia
Little, Jack D.
Longman, E. H., Rev.
Lucas, Herbert H.
Lynch, C. J.
McCarty, John T.
McCauley, Lotus, Mrs.
McGill, John and Alice
Mabery, James and Marie
Marne, William J., Jr.
Mead, Laura Johnson
Miller, Floyd Hoke
Mulanix, Darl "Red"
Novak, Frank, Mrs.
O'Neill, C. H., Dr.
Owens, Wendell A. and Robin
Owens, William H. "Tex"
Parry, Wesley G.
Perkins, D. B.
Perkins, Frank E.
Pierce, Harlow and Ann
Powell, Otto H.
Rasbeck, Sanford A.
Ray, C. T.
Reinhardt, Pearl V., Rev.
Richardson, John "Jack"
Richardson, John E.
Richvalsky, Joseph P. and Rose
Roberts, Floyd A., Dr.
Roy, William J.
St. John, Earl
Sample, Truman "Hugh"
Sanderson, Hettie and Harry
Sarvis, Arthur H.
Scavarda, Charles J., Dr.
Schneider, Elizabeth (Anderson)
Simon, George and Hilda
Simons [sic, Simon], Joe
Smith, E. E.
Smith, Harry H.
Smith, Ray and Helen
Steinbricher, Virgil and Clara J.
Strutts, Milton G.
Stybert, Tony and Verna
Sullivan, Walter L.
Tanner, Bernice H.
Tate, Albert J., Rev.
Terry, Thomas M.
Tucker, C. W.
Vamour, Amos and Lawrence
Van Campen, James K.
Vaughn, Rulien, Sr.
Walter, Walter Lawrence
Willing, C. A.
Wilson, G. J. "Doc"
Wiltse, George R.
Wing, Clyde H.
Wirastek, Joe S.
Wood, Alfie M.
Wood, Clair W.
TAPE BOX 1
TAPES OF INTERVIEWS
First Series (Sit-Down Strike focus)
Ahearn, Fred, July 1978, John DeYonker *
Aldred, Ruth (Mrs. Jerry), Mar. 13, 1980, Kenneth B. West*
Balius, Ed, Mar. 4, 1988, Neil Leighton (2 tapes)*
Basinski, Victor, July 7, 1978, Douglas Vance*
Batz, Sidney, July 3, 1978, Jay Flowers
Bergslie, Peter, Aug. 7, 1979, Kenneth B. West (2 tapes)*
Besson, Nellie (later Hendrix/Martin), July 5, 1978, Gary Ferman*
Bjaland, Ingvald, Mar. 7, 1980, Neil Leighton*
Blake, Orvel, Mar. 25, 1980, Kenneth B. West (2 tapes)*
Boone, Ora, July 5, 1978, T. R. Kuczera*
Borski, Ben, Mar. 18, 1980, W. Meyer*
Breedlove, Robert, Mar. 2, 1979, Jack Rice (2 tapes)*
Bully, Norman, June 26, 1980, K. B. West*
Burhans, Ralph, Sept. 27, 1985, ?Ray Yaklin
Burke, Mike, Sept. 19, 1979, N. Leighton and K. B. West (4 tapes)*
Burr, Hubert ("Spyke"), July 6, 1978, Douglas Vance*
Carver, Ellis, Mar. 17, 1980, W. Meyer (2 tapes)*
Chargo, Joe, Aug. 5, 1986, Neil Leigton*
Clark, Henry, Aug. 13, 1979, Neil Leighton and Ken West (3 tapes)*
Coale, Elden, Mar. 24, 1980, W. Meyer (2 tapes)*
Cole, John, Feb. 26, 1979, Jack Rice*
Combs, Prince, Apr. 1979, Michael Marve*
Combs, Prince, Feb. 22, 1982, Neil Leighton, W. Meyer, J. Gaver
TAPE BOX 2
Connelly, Leo, [und.], W. Meyer (2 tapes)*
Connolly, William T., Mar. 4, 1980, Neil Leighton (2 tapes)*
Crane, Cloyse, Feb. 27, 1980, Neil Leighton (2 tapes)*
Crawford, Louise, Dec. 1980, Ann Brown (2 tapes)*
Cregar, Merrill, Feb. 27, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)*
Crompton, Earl, July 5, 1978, Judy Handley*
Devitt, Joe, July 1978, Jay Flowers*
Doerfner, William, no date, Sara Miles (2 tapes)*
Dotson, J. D., Jan. 23, 1981, Neil Leighton (2 tapes)*
Doyle, Robert, no date, Sara Miles*
Draper, Viven, July 3, 1980, K. B. West
Duncan, Basil (see Genske, William)*
Echard, Peggy, June 27, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)*
Ehrlich, Ed, July 3, 1978, Margaret Laux*
Evanoff, Michael, June 30, 1978, Larry Goodwyn (2 tapes)*
Evanoff, Kosta and Lenka, May 3, 1979, Neil Leighton (3 tapes)*
Evans, Robert, no date, W. Meyer (2 tapes)*
Fineberg, Esther* (see Schiller, Joseph)
Fish, Hy, May 31, 1975, Genora Johnson*
Fleischman, Harry, June 12, 1979, Nan Pendrell*
Foster, Shirley, June 8, 1979, Nan Pendrell, K. B. West, Neil Leighton (2 tapes)*
Fry, Joe, July 27, 1979, W. Meyer*
Funk, Frank, June 21, 1979, John DeYonker and K. B. West (2 tapes)*
Gadola, Ann M., no date, Harriet Freeman*
TAPE BOX 3
Gage, Russell, July 6, 1978, Rick Johnson*
Gancsos, Louis, Sr., no date, W. Meyer*
Gebo, Lloyd, Apr. 25, 1980, K. B. West
Genske, William, Mar. 11, 1979, Jack Rice*; Duncan, Basil, Mar. 11, 1979, Jack Rice
Genske, William, May 13, 1985, on war conversion
Gerholz, Robert (see Patterson, Beatrice)
Gibbs, Robert, Mar. 29, 1980, W. Meyer (2 tapes)*
Gillette, Evelyn, Mar. 25, 1980, W. Meyer
Gillian, Otis K., July 15, 1978, Andrew Walker*
Harbin, Dorothy, Mar. 3, 1980, Neil Leighton*
Harris, Hugh ("Bert"), Aug. 22, 1979, Neil Leighton (2 tapes)*
Havrilla, Andrew, Apr. 4, 1980, K. B. West*
Hayward, Laura, July 14, 1980, K. B. West and Nan Pendrell (2 tapes)*
Healy, Gerald, Aug. 7, 1979, K. B. West*
Hendricks, Cecil, July 3, 1978, Janet Fredrikson*
Hendricks, Cecil, Apr. 17, 1980, K. B. West*
Holland, Ray, July 13, 1978, Rick Johnson*
Howell, Ira, Mr. and Mrs., no date, Janet Fredrikson*
Hubbard, Earl, Apr. 24, 1980, K. B. West*
Humphrey, James, Apr. 28, 1980, K. B. West*
Japinga, Martin, Mar. 5, 1980, Neil Leighton
Jason, Charles, July 18, 1978, Michael J. Kukla*
Johnson, Genora, Sept. 22, 1978, Neil Leighton*
Johnson, Genora; Palmer, Jack; Jones, Larry, Sept. 23, 1979, Neil Leighton and Kenneth B. West
Jones, Archie, Aug. 20, 1979, K. B. West (2 tapes)*
Jones, Larry, June 9, 1978, Andrew Walker (2 tapes)
Jones, Larry, no date, Dan Koger
Jones, Milton, July 26, 1979, W. Meyer
Jordan, Francis, Mar. 27, 1980, K. B. West*
Keech, Walter, June 4, 1980, K. B. West
Killinger, Charles, Aug. 6, 1979, Neil Leighton (3 tapes)*
TAPE BOX 4
King, Irving, Mar. 16, 1980, K. B. West*
King, Irving, Mar. 26, 1980, K. B. West*
King, Vincent, July 1978, Ed O'Neill (2 tapes)*
King, Vincent, Apr. 3, 1980, K. B. West*
Klasey, Tom, Aug. 27, 1979, Neil Leighton (3 tapes)*
Knotts, Roy, Mar. 17, 1980, W. Meyer
Komar, Steve, Sr., July 1978, T. R. Kuczera*
Kramer, Charlie (see Travis, Bob)
Kraus, Henry and Dorothy, May 8, 1982 (5 tapes)*
LaRose, Adlore, July 1978, Andrew Grantham*
Larson, Hans, Mrs., Apr. 11, 1980, K. B. West*
Lawrence, Lee, Aug. 23, 1979, K. B. West
Legree, Wilburn, no date, Greg Odell*
Lien, Henry, Aug. 30, 1979, K. B. West*
Lischer, Clarence, Mar. 14, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)*
Loisell, Paul, July 17, 1979, D. Sutton
Love, Edmond G., Apr. 19, 1980,
MacAlpine, Elmer, July 2, 1980, W. Meyer (2 tapes)
MacGregor, Ben, June 26, 1980, K. B. West
Malone, Ken, July 29, 1986, Henry Kraus and Neil Leighton (2 tapes)*
Malott, Bruce, Aug. 21, 1979, K. B. West*
Mamero, Robert, Feb. 26, 1980, K. B. West*
Markanovich, Victor, July 11, 1980, W. Meyer (2 tapes)
McCann, John, Jan. 14, 1974, Scott McCann
McCann, John, Feb. 21, 1978, Scott McCann*
TAPE BOX 5
McNee, Sheldon, July 1978, Janet Fredrikson*
Miles, Harry, Sr., 1978, Sara Miles*
Miller, Rudi (see Travis, Bob)
Mitchell, Irene, July 3, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)
Moon, Rollin, Mrs., May 10, 1979, Neil Leighton and K. B. West (2 tapes)*
Moran, Jim, July 24, 1978, D. Sutton*
Morley, Gus, Aug. 24, 1979, K. B. West (2 tapes)*
Motter, Francis William, Mar. 4, 1980, K. B. West*
Mundale, Maynard ("Red"), July 22, 1980, Neil Leighton (3 tapes)*
Nelson, Gorden, Apr. 7, 1980, K. B. West*
Nightingale, Mary, July 6, 1978, Judy Garza*
Nowak, Stanley, Aug. 9, 1979, Neil Leighton and Nan Pendrell (2 tapes)*
Olay, Andrew J., Feb. 29, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)*
O'Rourke, Harold, July 6, 1978, Ed O'Neill (2 tapes)*
Palmer, Jack, July 5, 1978, Louis Goodwyn*
Parish, Delia, June 6, 1979, Nan Pendrell, K. B. West, M. Batron
Parish, Delia, June 7, 1979, K. B. West, Neil Leighton, J. DeYonker (2 tapes)
Parker, Ralph, Apr. 15, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)
Parker, Ralph, May 9, 1980, K. B. West*
Parks, Ralph, July 3, 1978, Janet Fredrikson*
Patterson, Beatrice, Feb. 26, 1980*; Gerholz, Robert (cont.)
Pelton, Francis E., June 30, 1978, Rick Johnson*
Pichotte, Elizabeth, Mar. 4, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)*
Pora, Lottie, Aug. 22, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)
TAPE BOX 6
Reider, Alexander, Apr. 4, 1980, K. B. West*
Rich, Roscoe, July 6, 1978, Margaret Laux*
Ricks, Grant, Mar. 13, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)*
Robinson, Emerson, Apr. 11, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)*
Robinson, Leo, July 13, 1978, Michael J. Kukla (2 tapes)*
Root, Floyd, June 4, 1978, Brad Holloway (2 tapes)
Rose, Gilbert and Floyd, Aug. 13, 1979, W. Meyer*
Schiller, Joseph, July 4, 1978, Dale Cyran*; Fineberg, Esther, June 30, 1978, Dale Cyran*
Schmitz, Peter, no date, W. Meyer
Scobey, Dolen, Aug. 28, 1980, K. B. West
Scobey, Maurice, Apr. 24, 1980, K. B. West*
Severance, Robert, Feb. 28, 1980, K. B. West*
Shinn, Chuck, July 23, 1981, Neil Leighton (3 tapes)*
Simmons, Orvel, Feb. 28, 1980, K. B. West*
Simons, Bud and Hazel, Dec. 27, 1978, Neil Leighton (3 tapes)*
Sipes, Mearl O., May 29, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)
Skunda, Andrew, June 27, 1980, K. B. West
Skunda, Joseph N., Mar. 3, 1980, K. B. West*
Smelser, Bruce, May 30, 1980, K. B. West
Smith, Arthur, Feb. 20, 1980, Neil Leighton (2 tapes)
Snyder, Robert, July 1978, John DeYonker
Snyder, Robert, Mrs., 1978, John DeYonker*
Speckman, William, June 26, 1980, W. Meyer
Spohn, James, Mar. 6, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)*
TAPE BOX 7
Stier, John, July 11, 1980, K. B. West (2 tapes)
Tadrick, Lawrence, Feb. 21, 1980, K. B. West*
Taylor, Albert, Feb. 22, 1980, W. Meyer
Thrasher, John ("Jack"), Feb. 26-27, 1982, K. B. West (2 tapes)
Torok, Frank, 1981, Jeff Collier (2 tapes)*
Townsend, Roger, 1979, Mike Marve*
Transue, Andrew, July 9, 1978, Dale Cyran
Travis, Bob, and Kramer, Charlie, Dec. 13, 1978, Neil Leighton (2 tapes)*
Travis, Bob, and Miller, Rudi, Dec. 14-15, 1978, Neil Leighton (2 tapes, no. 2 and 3)
Travis, Bob, Dec. 15, 1978, Neil Leighton (2 tapes)
VanEtten, Victor, Jan. 2, 1979, Neil Leighton (2 tapes)*
Vowel, Charles, Winter 1981, Jeff Collier (3 tapes)*
Washburn, Howard, July 6, 1978, Judy Handley
Weinstone, William, Mar. 15-16, 1979, Nan Pendrell and Neil Leighton (6 tapes)*
White, Charles, June 1978, T. R. Kuczera*
Woodard, Ben, Sept. 5, 1980, K. B. West
Yorko, John, June 29, 1978, Dr. Goodwyn
Zink, Raymond, Mar. 4, 1980, K. B. West*
Letters to FDR, National Archives (K. B. West)
Letters to Conciliation Service, National Archives (K. B. West)
TAPE BOX 8
Second Series (Tapes made by students in Political Science 330,
331, 375, "Labory History," 436, "Exploring Community History,"
taught by Nan Pendrell; History 436) - Arranged by interviewer
(interviewer, date, interviewee(s), subject)
Aagesen, Odile M., no date, Janet Bauer Smithson, Burton Neighborhood Housing Services##
Aagesen, Odile M., no date, Gladys Russell*#
Adams, Carolyn, no date, Sybil Varner, worker at Chevrolet*
Adams, Carolyn, 1980, Ann Drake, worker at Chevrolet
Al Mussalam, Saud, Aug. 1981, Saab Bargouthi; Tony Aidle; Nabiel Ali Musleh; Arab immigrants
Arbeau, Laura, Aug. 1, 1982, Sam and Rosalie Pepitone, Italian-American autoworker and wife#
Arbeau, Laura, no date, Judy Udell, Citizens Bank employee#
Ashley, James, Dec. 17, 1982, Joseph V. Smith, Sr., Joseph V. Smith, Jr.
Ashley, James, Dec. 17, 1982, Roscoe Rich
Bancroft, Sandy, Aug. 6, 1984, Dorothy Kosal*#
Bard, M., Aug. 3, 1981, Al Christner, UAW Local 599, factory employees about loss of jobs due to automation
Beckett, Tammy, no date, Harry and Lillian Vincent*
Benjamin, Bob, no date, Buick manager#[no name], Buick auto worker#, John Truckin [sic, Truchan], UAW committeeman*#[no name]
Bondy, William, no date, David Johnson#
Bondy, William, no date, Sanford Morris#
Branham, Alan, no date, Bob Keith*
Bridges, Judith, no date, Barbara Washington
Budzinski, Debbie, no date, Joe Dupcza
Burdette, Daniel, no date, B. Arnold#
Cater, Brent A., Aug. 2, 1982, Mr. and Mrs. Dallas Miller, Civic Park area
Cater, Brent A., Aug. 4, 1982, Mrs. Harald Boa, Civic Park area*
Catton, Cheryl, no date, Gloria Goldsmith, Vice-President, Flint National Organization for Women
Catton, Cheryl, no date, Billy Hopper, salaried unionization organizer at GM (2 tapes)
Clark, Leigh, no date, William Whitney, Director, Flint Downtown Development Authority#
Clark, Leigh, Aug. 1, 1983, Probate Judge Harold Resteiner*#
Collier, Jeff, Winter 1981, Clifford Date (2 tapes)
Cooper, Charlene, July 22, 1983, Ivan Griffin*# [no permission]
Cooper, Charlene, no date, Evelyn Cooper, former president, UAW Local 524#
Crawford, Elizabeth, July 28, 1984, George Crear III, black teacher*
Csapo, Mike, Aug. 8, 1982, Eula and Pat Csapo*
Cummings, Donna, no date, Marilyn Steele, of the Mott Foundation*
Cunningham, Clinton B., no date, Laura Boyd
Cunningham, Clinton B., no date, Freda Parmelee*
Cuttitta, Sharon, Aug. 2, 1984, Arthur Beauchesne*
TAPE BOX 9
Daggett, Steven, no date, Otis Wiggins*#
Dahl, Gregory, July 23, 1982, Mrs. Marie Matthews
Dahl, Gregory, Aug. 10, 1982, Charles Green, Sit-Down Strike*
Downs, Hal, July 26, 1982, Ed Petruska, formation of the Fenton Educational Association*
Downs, Hal, Aug. 1, 1982, Floyd Long, 1969 strike by the Fenton Educational Association*
Dunn, Marie, no date, Mrs. Pat Wetherell
Dutcher, Robert, no date, John Lindstrom*#
Dutcher, Robert, no date, John O'Dell, UAW Local 326#
Eason, Tony, no date, Pastor Jonathan Jacobs*#
English, Mark, June 3, 1992, Chris Frye*#
English, Mark, May 18, 1992, Kenny Malone
Enriquez, Maria, Summer 1982, Valerio Neito (2 tapes)*#
Ensign, Rebecca, no date, Erle Brown, Buick employee
Ensign, Rebecca, no date, Erv Husted, tax revolt
Evans, Ray, July 17, 1980, marker commemoration for Sit-Down Strike, UAW Local 659, with Victor Reuther,
Emil Mazey, Douglas Fraser
Ford, Nancy, Aug. 10, 1982, male AC worker
Ford, Nancy, Aug. 8, 1982, Margaret Busch, World War II AC worker*
Fotenakes, Gregg, Aug. 5, 1982, Eleanor Fotenakes, retired GM Parts Division employee*
Fotenakes, Gregg, Aug. 9, 1982, Emma Lou Smith
Freese, Jennifer, Summer 1982, Bernice Freese, World War II AC worker
Froelich, B., no date, Debbie Chaly, Poletown (Detroit) and GM
Froelich, B., no date, Ardath Regan, GM
Ghattas, Edward, no date, Joan Christenson#
Ghattas, Edward, no date, Shaker Brackett, Arab-American*#
Goode, David, no date, Robert K. Bolerjack
Grant, Raymond, no date, Beverly Shumaker, oil company president
Grotts, Benjamin J., Oct. 1, 1986, Mabel Moore, concerning teaching career, 1924-1971*#
Grotts, Benjamin J., Sept. 24, 1986, Arthur Arredondo*
Hall, Theoris, no date, Bernice Nettles*#
Hart, Alice, July 28, 1982, Dr. Alvin Loving, UM-Flint
Hart, Alice, Aug. 4, 1982, Max Dean, lawyer*#
Hartley, Brenda, July 24, 1982, Helen McDonald, retired
from Bell Telephone
Hatchett, Kay, no date, Mrs. Cloteal Howard*#[no
Helmreich, Martha, July 29, 1982, Edgar B. Holt, civil
Helmreich, Martha, July 24, 1982, Oscar W. Baker, black
attorney of Bay City*
Hempsall, Mary, July 11, 1983, William Genske*#
TAPE BOX 10
Horn, Gloria, no date, Sue Brooks, Director, Everywoman
Center, YWCA Flint
Horn, Gloria, July 30, 1980, Irene Wilbur, woman worker
Hull, John L., July 17, 1984, Kenny Malone, on Flint, UAW
strike, social and economic conditions*
Hull, John L., July 9, 1983, Victor Ex, Fisher Body
Hull, John L., July 1983, Ernest Neville*#
Jasinski, M. E., July 27, 1981, Stella Popilek, retired AC
worker, Polish-American community
Jasinski, M. E., July 15, 1981, Mary and Tony Fisher
Jennings, Barbara, July 28, 1983, Ruth Van Zandt, black
Jones, Patrick, no date, Noima Heed, AC employee for 7
years, Marie Michelle
Kennedy, Stephen, no date, Fred Betnel
Kerr, Cathy, July 26, 1983, Fran Cleaves, UAW Full
Employment committee (3 tapes)*#
Kerr, Melvin, no date, Ralph Johnson*#
Klose, Violet, no date, Mrs. Keranen
Klose, John, no date, Mrs. Keranen; Mrs. Mallison
Knisley, Marcia Helms, July 28, 1984, Vera Cook Husted*#
Krcmarik, Francis, no date, Ruben Burks, Fisher Two
LaRocca, Leonard, July 18, 1982, Henry Lorenz, Sit-Down
LaRocca, Leonard, July 28, 1982, Jack Reid, today's auto
Lassiter, Wade, no date, Eugene Baldwin, Director, Genesee
County Pre-Trial Services
Lassiter, Wade, July 27, 1983, Dr. Albert Price
Laureto, Rose Ann, no date, Michael Bennett*; Lou Curry
Lauzon, Anne, July 1981, John A. Dawes, ex-Chevrolet
Lauzon, Anne, July 1981, Catalino ("Chick") Zapata
Law, Deanna, July 27, 1984, Michael Evanoff*
Leavy, Don, July 24, 1984, H. E. Jones, ex-Chevrolet
Lewis, Cowenda S., Aug. 1, 1984, Lois Holt, Edgar Holt and
Lines, Ruth, no date, Ralph Meek (2 tapes)*#
Logan, Sharon, July 22, 1980, William Hoskins
Logan, Sharon, no date, Oliver ("Twister") Roland
Logan, Sharon, July 1980, Roger Townsend, GM in 1934
Longavitz, Gaylene, July 21, 19--, Rev. Peaster, Flint
Rescue Mission, homeless
Lucey, Amy Jo, Aug. 5, 1984, Michael Hughes, Deputy
Principal, Mott Adult High School*#
Martin, Tony, Aug. 5, 1983, Larry Price#
TAPE BOX 11
McCain, Wayne, Aug. 3, 1984, J. Henry Moran*#
McDonald, Debora, Dec. 17, 19--, Tom Blankenship,
ex-Chevrolet worker; Janet George
McGee, Brad, no date, Charles Woods, Flint policeman
McGee, Brad, no date, Richard Dicks, Flint policeman
McKinney, Beverly, no date, John Ryan
McKinney, Beverly, no date, Cecil Miller
Messmore, Mike, July 4, 1980, Edith Beach*; Eunice
Mitchell, Kimberly, July 23, 1983, Betsy Green#
Mitchell, Kimberly, July 29, 1983, Alvin Mitchell#
Moody, Marcia, Summer 1981, Lois Holt, first black teacher
hired by Flint Board of Education
Moody, Marcia, Summer 1981, Roy Young, plant worker in
Moore, Doris, July 13, 1982, Mrs. Hattie Blair*; Aug. 5,
1982, Deborah Milling
Morford, Richard, June 5, 1992, Frances Wright, age 85,
Morgan, R., no date, Doug Shook*#
Morgan, R., no date, Roger Taylor
Mucha, Katha, no date, Barb Snyder, casework supervisor,
Genesee County Probate Court
Murzen, Steve, Aug. 3, 1981, Larry and Kathy Bashaw,
Murzen, Steve, Aug. 1, 1981, Dave Rennon, Vietnam
Musleh, Nabiel A., July 29, 1982, Joanne Goff
Musleh, Nabiel A., Aug. 2, 1982, Tom Holmquist (2 tapes)
Oginsky, Tom, no date, Larry Jones (2 tapes)
Oginsky, Tom, Dec. 7, 1982, J. D. Dotson
O'Malley, Annette, no date, Vora Johnson, manager, Flint
U-Haul, out-migrationof unemployed*; Andy Fann,
unemployed GM worker moving to Florida
O'Neill, Ann, no date, Dr. Robert M. Carter, Professor of
Communications, GMI Institute*#
O'Neill, P., no date, Mary Nightengale
Outen, Diane, no date, Donna Powell*
Panter, Ron, no date, Jack Brovort, robotics#; Dave
Yettaw, robotics (2 tapes)*#
Parker-Roberts, Doris, no date, Frances Lyon#
Parker-Roberts, Doris, no date, Barbara Jennings*#
Parnell, Cindy, Aug. 6, 1982, Jon Miller
Parnell, Cindy, Aug. 4, 1982, Anita Parnell
Parr, Debbie, Summer 1981, Larry Payne
Parr, Debbie, Summer 1981, Mrs. Hale
Parrish, Deborah Walkup, July 26, 1981, Lewis A. Walkup
TAPE BOX 12
Parrish, Marty, Dec. 17, 1982, Lynn R. Eastman#[no name];
Terry Ray#[no name]
Peters, James, Aug. 2, 1984, Fred Kay*#
Peterson, Gary, no date, Leonard Cook
Peterson, Gary, no date, Thomas Cook*#
Pina, Agustin, no date, Tano Resendez
Pina, Agustin, no date, Jesse Gomez
Pittman, Flora Rose, July 29, 1983, Annalea Bannister,
black life in Flint*#
Poupere, Walter, Dec. 7, 1982, Mission Home, Flint, with
Charlie High, Kay Miller, Greg
Poupere, Walter, 1983, Marian Hall, with Cleo Dodge,
Virginia Riley, Henry Beach
Powell, Edward, Aug. 4, 1981, Esther Chatmon; Aug. 2,
1981, Thelma Walker
Powell, Lynn, June 1980, Mogens Jensen, Danish resistance
in World War II
Quinn, L., no date, J. McCarty*
Riselay, Sirka, Dec. 24, 1980, Lembi Mattison, MLS student
Rainoldi, Mike, no date, Bill Brandon, GM worker for 35
Rainoldi, Mike, July 23, 1984, Clayton Stroup*#
Ramseur, Betty, July 29, 1980, John Edwards*; July 31,
1980, Mr. Buckner, black history, GM*
Ramseur, Betty, July 31, 1980, Boyce Buckner*
Ramseur, Betty, [J.C. Curry?]*
Rawls, Sondra, Aug. 5, 1981, John Russell
Rawls, Sondra, July 27, 1981, Ora Boone, auto worker for
Romel, Pauline, Nov. 1982, Mike Collins; Frank Collins
Rouse, Sandra, no date, Gordon A. Fleming, Citizens Bank
Rouse, Sandra, no date, Dorothy Sloan, history of
Roy, Leslie, no date, Von Sarah, Beecher High School
Rubin, E., July 30, 1984, Dr. Gerald Matthews, a planner's
perspective of Flint*#
Russell, Dean A., Aug. 6, 1982, Frank Gillespie, born
Russell, Dean A., Aug. 6, 1982, Mozella Gillespie, born
Rykhus, Karen, July 29, 1983, Claude Brown#[no permission]
Rykhus, Karen, July 13, 1983, Tom Neuhard*#
Sabourin, Kimberly, Aug. 2, 1982, Alice Sabourin#
Sabourin, Kimberly, July 28, 1982, Evalyne H. Perry*
Scanlon, Charles D., no date, random interviews with
twenty people off the street in Flint concerning the
economy and GM
Schlegelmilch, Rebecca, Dec. 1982, Alma Nevels
Schlegelmilch, Rebecca, Dec. 1982, Betty Schlegelmilch
TAPE BOX 13
Schwerin, Michael, July 23, 1983, James R. Flinn#; July
28, 1983, Pat Flinn#
Semerad, Glenda Ruth, July 27, 1982, Dale Wilson, Ph.D.,
socialized medicine, Flint medical care#
Semerad, Glenda Ruth, July 8, 1982, Legor Meyer*#
Sherwin, Susan, no date, Katharine Keene, Russian-German
Sherwin, Susan, no date, Summer 1981, Gertrude Stevens
Shook, Doug, Dec. 1982, Bert D. Shook*
Shook, Doug, Dec. 1982, Robert Buck*
Shroder, P., no date, Joe Devitt*; no date, Mary Lauer
Siegel, Janice E., Aug. 1, 1981, Doris Hunt
Siegel, Janice E., July 11, 1981, Bubby (Lillian) Adrieme
Smith, Kathleen, Aug. 6, 1982, Calvin Rapson#
Smith, Kathleen, July 21, 1982, Bob Breeze
Smith, Vernon J., July 27, 1982, Justina Smith
Smith, Vernon J., Aug. 2, 1982, Olimpia Princinsky*
Sorrell, John, Dec. 17, 1982, Les Brown
Spiller, Karen, no date, Ralph Bloodworth*; no date, Fred
Spotts, Bethany R., no date, Horace and Margerie Reeves (2
Spotts, Bethany R., no date, Jake Jones
Strong, Duane, Dec. 1982, Lyle Strong; Dec. 8, 1982, Jeff
Taylor, Meriam, July 29, 1981, Archie Halford, NAACP and
Genesee County Park Board; Aug. 2, 1981, Communication
Thayer, David W., no date, P. Labian
Thayer, David W., no date, R. Seager
Thorp, Michael J., no date, Gladys Storer
Thorp, Michael J., no date, George Parker*
Turner, Derrick, Aug. 6, 1981, Paul Parker
Turner, Derrick, July 27, 1981, Rev. Alfred L. C. Robb*
Vandewalker, Ed, no date, David Leyton, attorney*
Wallrath, Lori, no date, Suzanne Jacobs, Flint and the
unionization efforts at Citizens Bank*#
Wilson, Carla, no date, Mrs. Elridge
Wolos, Mary, July 27, 1982, Buick employee participation
group (D. Dokman, T. Toby, G. Dressendorfer, T. Lowe)
Wolos, Mary, July 27, 1982, Bob Roth, employee
Wood, Janice, Aug. 6, 1984, Kenneth and Hazel
McMullen*#[not to be reproduced]
Yaklin, Ray, Apr. 12, 1982, Louie Burnell*
Yaklin, Ray, Apr. 10, 1982, Chuck Roy*
Yaklin, Ray, Apr. 13, 1982, "Bob"*
Yaklin, Ray, Apr. 12, 1982, Neil Yaklin*
TAPE BOX 14
Zawol, Janice, no date, Judge W. P. Kuta
Zawol, Janice, July 26, 1983, James Zimmer*
Student Interviews (arranged by interviewee, some are uncertain)
Brown, Mike, June 17, 19--*
Deane, Prof. Richard G., Aug. 6, 1984 (3 tapes)*#
Dover, James, no date*
Duff, Bill, former president, UAW Local 651#
Fulgham, Maudine, July 27, 1982#
Gerholz, Robert P., Apr. 2, 1980 (see also Patterson,
Beatrice, 1st series)
Green, Elmer K., July 10, 1983, in management at Buick,
Hansmeyer, Marie, May 31, 1985 (2 tapes)*
Lillian ----, no date (Hurley Hospital employee in 1937)
Mrs. Mollay, June 12, 19, about Fr. DuKette*
Nowak, Stanley, Nov. 8, 1981, talk to UAW local,
"Solidarity Union in Poland" (2 tapes)
Page, Lloyd M., Apr. 3, 1980
Sedlak, Edith, no date (3 tapes)*#
Smith, (Elder) Calvin, Aug. 3, 1980*#
Stokes, Fannie, Aug. 10, 1982
Mikesell, Marge, June 23, 1988, Women's Emergency Brigade
Foster, Howard, July 24, 1975, by BBC (Stephen Peet) for
documentary film "Yesterday's Witness: The Flint
Goldfarb, Lynn, and Simons, Bud, questions and answers
following showing of film "With Babies and
Banne May 6, 1979
GM Sit-Down demo tape
WFBE show, "Woman's Place," Labor Day, 1976, with Mildred
Darnton, Women's Emergency Brigade Members Nellie
Besson Hendricks, Helen Haller, and Laura Hayward
Bommarito, Irene (2)*
Jackson, Bob [student], interview of Margaret Box,
Flint Urban League*# or Ed Parthan#
Kronick, Maxine, no date, Lisa K. Porter*#
Talbot, Joe, Aug. 8, 1984, Helen K. Aurand (2)*#
Three-inch reel - Diane Whiting, July 27, 1983, Joy
Victor Reuther - Pioneer Picnic, Aug. 3, 1988