About the Journal of Student Research

The Journal of Student Research is specifically designed to offer undergraduate and graduate students the opportunity to experience the manuscript submission and review process. Students who participate in the annual Flint Student Research Conference (SRC) as presenters are invited to submit a written version of their presentation for publication in the journal for that year. This volume presents papers from the 5th conference held at the University of Michigan-Flint campus in April, 2017.

This publication includes a series of scholarly articles representing were composed by undergraduate and graduate students from the University of Michigan-Flint, Kettering University, and Mott Community College, written with the assistance of a faculty mentor. These manuscripts represent a strong personal commitment of the students and faculty members toward research and creative endeavors.

Manuscript Guidelines: The text of all manuscripts are no more than 25 double-spaced pages, typed in a 10-12 point font size with one-inch margins. The instructions for preparing the manuscript are provided by the event coordinators. “Faculty Mentor Approval” forms are included with each manuscript. The SRC Committee reviews the submissions for documentation and compliance with manuscript guidelines. The authors are ultimately responsible for the content, information, and any interpretation within the manuscripts.

Authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content.

Letter from the Coordinators

Participation in research gives students a unique opportunity to engage in the important process of discovery. Through research, students take the knowledge they have acquired in the classroom and apply it to laboratory, the archive, or in the studio. As much as possible, it is important that we as institutions recognize and support faculty-mentored research as a means to inspire students and expand their education. The annual Student Research Conference, now in its fifth year, does just that by providing both our undergraduate and graduate students a forum for showcasing their work publicly and to add their work to the body of knowledge. What made this fifth meeting particularly special was with the incorporation of participants from the Mott Community College and Kettering University, truly making this event a celebration of student research all over the great city of Flint.

The papers presented in this year's Journal of Student Research are examples of the quality and diversity research conducted by students on each of our campus. This publication has been, and continues to be, an important display of our student researchers' commitment to excellence. By submitting their exceptional work to this publication, they make the noteworthy decision to share impressive scholastic work with the rest of the academic community. For that, we are both excited and appreciative.

We further believe that another value is represented in these pages: a recognition that research and dissemination is an effort based on partnership and collaboration. It goes without saying that this publication and the work it presents richly benefits the faculty who have mentored these talented students and the students themselves. We are deeply grateful for the work of all those who have been involved. It is your commitment to research and scholarship which makes this all possible. We are proud of your accomplishments!


Andre Louis, Office of Research and Sponsored Programs

Mary Deibis, Office of Graduate Programs

Table of Contents

In Alphabetical Order (by author's last name)

Null Effects of Compliments on Male and Female Positive Affect
Andi Hammond-Chaffin, Devin Willis, Rachel Murley, and Jordan Inman
Faculty Sponsor: Terrence Horgan, University of Michigan-Flint

The Release of Google Home & The Impact On Stock Values
Joylynn Clement and Bo Xia
Faculty sponsor: Sandun Perera, University of Michigan-Flint

Measuring Inflation Pressure of a Tire Using a Microphone
Chenxin Dong, Tyler Flowers, and Jonathan Wesley
Faculty sponsor: Javad Baqersad, Kettering University

The Effects of Third-Hand Smoke on Children
Spencer MacLeod
Faculty sponsor: Mark Valacak, University of Michigan-Flint

An Evaluation of Snap Inc. and its Recent Decision to Go Public
Nicholas Matthies and Sydney Parvin 
Faculty sponsor: Sandun Perera, University of Michigan-Flint

Opening Smart T.V to Third-Party Apps: User Perspectives
Himanandini Mohanty
Faculty sponsor: Fadi Mohsen, University of Michigan-Flint

A Markov Chain Model of the Viral Spread of Internet Memes
Rebecca Robinson
Faculty sponsor: Cameron McLeman, University of Michigan-Flint

The “Rat Race” and the American Character: Materialism and Its Implications
Arahshiel Silver
Faculty sponsor: Jan Furman, University of Michigan-Flint