Citation Styles and Resources

Citations give your sources proper credit for words and ideas, and it helps you join and weave a scholarly conversation about a topic. 

MLA (Modern Language Association)

MLA: is primarily used in the humanities. It's emphasis is on the page in the text referenced. Therefore, author and page number go together. For example (Smith 3). 

Sample Paper: Check out this sample paper with explanations from OWL to help you better see and understand MLA format: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/13/

In-Text Citations: tell your reader where you got the information, and they can occur within the sentence or at the end. Examples:

  • Citation that occurs during the sentence looks like this: McAdams argues "workers do  not have enough leisure time on their days off to relax (4). 
  • Citation left at the end of the sentence: "Workers do not have enough leisure time on their days off to relax" (McAdams 4). 
  • For more about in-text citations: visit this link to the OWL page https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/02/

Reference Page: The reference page in MLA is called the Works Cited. It is centered and unbolded. Here are a few links that can help explain how to construct your references. 

APA (American Psychological Association)

APA: is primarily used in the social sciences. It's emphasis is on the date. Therefore, author and year always go together For example: Smith (2017) or (Smith, 2017, p. 3). 

Sample Paper: Check out this sample paper with explanations from OWL to help you better see and understand APA format: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/18/

How to insert a Running head: 

APA Abstract: For an overview and explanation visit https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

In-Text Citations: In-text citations tell your reader where you got the information. In-text citations can either occur within the sentence or at the end. Examples below:

  • Citation occurs during the sentence:  McAdams (2017) argues "workers do not have enough leisure time on their days off to relax" (p. 4). 
  • Citation is left at the end of the sentence: "Workers do not have enough leisure time on their days off to relax" (McAdams, 2017, p. 4). 
  • For more about in-text citations: visit this link to the OWL page https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/03/

Reference Page: The reference page in APA is called References. It is centered and unbolded. Here are a few links that can help explain how to construct your reference page.

 

AMA (American Medical Association)

CBE (Council of Biology Editors)

AAA (American Anthropological Association)

ACS (American Chemical Society)

AIP (American Institute of Physics)